Post Disaster Needs Assessments
In recent years, the UNDP-EU partnership has deepened in the area of so called Post Disaster Needs Assessments (PDNA). In 2008, the EU, the World Bank and the UN signed a joint declaration committing to collaborate and develop a common approach to post-crisis needs assessments and recovery planning. The joint declaration covered the assessments needed after a conflict (PCNA) and after a disaster (PDNA).
The PDNA is a government-led exercise with the support of the EU, the UN system and the World Bank, bringing together national and international stakeholders to align recovery efforts in a coordinated way. The PDNA collects information on economic damages and losses, and the recovery priorities - including the human development needs of the affected population - into a single consolidated assessment report. This information is used as a basis for developing a comprehensive recovery framework, which will guide the design and implementation of early and long-term recovery programmes and to help determine international development assistance needs.
UNDP and EU work with the World Bank to strengthen the methodological basis of these assessments, create capacities within the international community and partner governments for the conduct of PDNAs and continue to advocate for the importance of coordinated and well costed recovery strategies for the countries that we serve. Since the signature of the EU-UN-World Bank Joint Declaration on Post Crisis Assessments and Recovery Planning in 2008, the three partners have come together in the conduct of several PDNAs under the leadership of the affected governments.
UNDP-EU partnership both global and local
UNDP and the EU have collaborated on PDNAs both at the global level and on the ground in different countries. At the global level, EU has been funding UNDP’s efforts to build a methodological framework that in addition to capturing economic damages and losses also includes the human development impacts. Sectoral guidance has now been developed for practitioners involved in a PDNA as well as an overarching methodology for bringing together the sectoral information into a recovery plan. With EU support, UNDP has also carried out inter-agency trainings and has started to build the capacity of national counterparts in the area of needs assessment and recovery planning.
On the ground, the partnership has supported countries to carry out post-disaster needs assessments since 2007, in places like Haiti, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lesotho, Djibouti, to mention a few.
New PDNA Roll Out Programme
Currently, there is an increasing demand for PDNA capacity building from governments, UN staff and other relevant stakeholders. To respond to this, in October 2012 UNDP and EU started the PDNA Roll out programme whose objective is to develop the capacities of governments in six disaster prone countries so that they can carry out PDNAs to internationally accepted standards. The project will also train and create awareness among UN Country Teams, UN regional centers and regional inter-governmental organizations.
Under this project, the disaster recovery team of the UNDP’s Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) will work towards developing standard common training materials on PDNA protocols. It will make sector guidance accessible to users, and train governments and UN staff in how to conduct a PDNA. In addition, the project aims at making available a roster of experts in PDNA to be immediately deployed to countries upon a country’s request.
The project duration is two years (2012-2014). The contribution from the EU is EUR 1.2 million and from UNDP EUR 226,000.
UNDP and EU partnership on reducing risks from disasters
UNDP and EU support countries around the world in being better prepared for disasters, in assessing the needs after disasters and in "building back better" after a disaster has struck.