Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Management issues in Planning Process
The National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (NSDRM) has acknowledged that absence of mainstreaming disaster reduction in the development process in the past resulted not only in the loss of physical properties and human lives, but also destructions of basic infrastructures. Disaster Risk Management is a cross cutting issue linked with all sectors of development. One particular example of DRM linked to development is that the MDG goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger is hindered when a natural disaster can damage homes, service infrastructure, savings, productive assets, and additional losses while creating negative macro-economic effects.
UNDP’s Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Programme (CDRMP) has been working with the government in mainstreaming DRM issues from local to national level. The three primary intervention areas under the mainstreaming component of the programme are; policy advisory and technical support to National Planning Commission and Nodal ministries to mainstream DRR into development planning and programming, support to key development sectors to institutionalize and mainstream DRR and Provide capacity building support to DRR/CRM focal point systems within key development actors.
UNDP supported Ministry of Local Development to organize a national workshop on mainstreaming DRM into development plan on 29th September 2011. The primary objective of the workshop was to sensitize relevant stakeholders to the importance of Mainstreaming DRM at all levels of the government. 50 participants from central to district level government organization including Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Local Development, Ministry Physical Planning and Works, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, National Planning commission and representatives of CDOs/LDOs of three target districts, Nawalaparasi, Saptari and Dadeldhura participated in the workshop.
Addressing the inaugural session of the workshop, UNDP country director Ms. Shoko Noda emphasized the need of DRM to be part of nation building strategies and though there might be vital issues like peace and constitution. DRM can be taken together with other issues. All policies and plan should incorporate Disaster issues. Senior government officials, Mr. Rameshwor Dangal, undersecretary from Ministry of Home Affairs and Mr. Binod Prakash Singh, undersecretary from Ministry of Local Development informed about the government policy and plans on mainstreaming DRM issues.
Major issues discussed in the workshop were Overview of Disaster Management in Nepal, Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development, Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction at the local level, mainstreaming component of CDRMP and experience of Oxfam. The workshop identified some development areas and entry points to mainstream DRM in the development areas at local and national level. Some of the entry points are incorporating the DRM issues in 14 step local level planning process are DRR guidelines at pre planning workshop, ward level meeting, VDC level integrated planning committee, new DRR committee at sectoral planning committee and advocacy at the integrated planning committee. Similarly at National level, the identified entry points are the regional visit, resource mapping, budget ceiling and district level planning processes.