Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is too slow in many parts of the world. The crisis is most severe in sub-Saharan Africa where, despite some successes such as increased primary school enrollment, the majority of countries are not on track to achieving the MDGs.
New Horizons - At a global level, progress has been made but the gains are uneven. Small-island developing states and landlocked developing countries face severe challenges, while high rates of inequality in many middle-income countries mean that entire regions or social groups will be left behind.
Time is running out: this year, 2007, marks the half-way point of the MDGs. Yet even now, crucial development policies and finance are not systematically aligned with the MDGs. As part of its poverty reduction mandate, UNDP is working to bridge this gap.
MDG Support, established in 2006, is designed to quickly mobilize technical support from across UNDP and the UN System to help developing country governments achieve the MDGs. The successor of Jeffrey Sachs’s UN Millennium Project, MDG Support works with countries by invitation, helping to prepare and implement national development strategies that are bold enough to achieve the MDGs.
However, without adequate financing, these plans are neither viable nor realistic. By itself, the long-standing commitment by the developed world to contribute just 70 cents of every $100 earned to official development assistance would generate enough funding to implement national strategies capable of achieving the MDGs.
It is encouraging that European Union countries have now committed to reaching the 0.7 target by 2015 and that the Group of Eight countries have now pledged to double development assistance to Africa by 2010, bringing the figure to $50 billion. However, all donor countries urgently need to fulfill their commitment to existing pledges.
For this reason, MDG Support works with a broad range of actors, across the UN System as well as with the International Financial Institutions, to generate more and better support for countries’ national plans to hit the MDG targets. It works to improve the tools and methodologies available, to train staff and government officials, and to strengthen ways of sharing knowledge and experiences.
Key activities include:
a). MDG-based National Development Strategies -Assisting developing countries to prepare and implement national strategies to achieve the Goals;
b). MDG Tools and Research – Developing tools and methodologies to adapt the MDGs to a country-specific context, to support MDG needs assessments, to build capacity, and to strengthen policies in support of the Goals;
c). UN Coordination – Mobilizing technical expertise across the UN System to provide broad support for the design of countries’ MDG-based national development strategies;
d). MDG Data and Resources – Consolidating and sharing key resources on the MDGs and spotlighting successful MDG initiatives.
UN MILLENNIUM PROJECT
The Millennium Project was commissioned by the United Nations Secretary-General in 2002 to recommend a concrete action plan for the world to reverse the grinding poverty, hunger and disease affecting billions of people. Headed by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, the Millennium Project was an independent advisory body and presented its final report, Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals, to the Secretary-General in January 2005. The Millennium Project was then asked to continue operating in an advisory capacity through the end of 2006.
Investing in Development proposes straightforward solutions for meeting the Millennium Development Goals by the 2015 deadline. The world already has the technology and know-how to solve most of the problems faced in the poor countries. As of 2006, however, these solutions still had not been implemented at the needed scale. Investing in Development presents recommendations for doing so, through partnership between countries both rich and poor.
Achieving the Millennium Development Goals
More than one billion people -- one-sixth of the world's population -- still live in extreme poverty, lacking the safe water, proper nutrition, basic health care and social services needed to survive. This means a single episode of disease, an ill-timed pregnancy, a drought or a crop-destroying pest can be the difference between life and death. In many of the poorest countries, life expectancy is half of that in the high-income world-40 years instead of 80 years.
The consequences of this poverty reach far beyond the afflicted societies. Poverty, inequality and disease are chief causes of violent conflict, civil war and state failures. A world with extreme poverty is a world of insecurity.
There is still time to achieve the Millennium Development Goals in the poorest countries, but the window of opportunity is closing. Fortunately, major global policy breakthroughs happened in 2005 to help get the world's poorest countries on track to meeting the Goals. This included the 2005 World Summit agreement in which every country committed to adopt its own national strategy to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. It also included the G8 commitment to double development assistance to Africa by 2010.
The Millennium Project has recommended a global strategy to help nations turn the tide against extreme poverty. Using the targets outlined in the Millennium Development Goals, the Project's policy recommendations center on:
- Planning for the 2015 time horizon
- Pursuing the Millennium Development Goals as minimum policy targets in developing countries
- Specifying the ways donor countries need to follow through on their aid, trade and debt relief commitments to coherently support the world's poorest countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
The core recommendation of the Millennium Project is that the Millennium Development Goals must be at the center of national and international poverty reduction strategies, and these strategies must focus on tackling the practical ground-level challenges of development. For this to happen, developing countries need to conduct rigorous "needs assessments" to identify where they stand on the Goals and what interventions need to be in place in order to get on track for 2015.
In 2004, the Project began working with the UN system in selected "pilot countries"- Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, Tajikistan and Yemen - to help identify the best ways to integrate Millennium Development Goal targets and timelines into their national strategies to reduce poverty. The aim was for these national strategies to serve as models for similar undertakings in developing countries throughout the world.
The Project continued to work with these and other developing countries to help identify the practical challenges each one faces en route to achieving the Millennium Development Goals by 2015, such as: how many mothers need access to health clinics; how many children need immunizations; how many teachers should be in every district; how many roads need to be built; how many water pumps should be installed and so on.
Backed with tried-and-true examples of what is already working to combat the many faces of poverty, Investing in Development presents concrete strategies for scaling-up throughout the developing world. The UN Millennium Project's findings demonstrate that through developing countries' pursuit of "MDG-based poverty reduction strategies," matched with fulfillment of the 0.7 pledge made by developed countries, the Millennium Development Goals can still be achieved. All countries can thereby follow through on the agreement for a "global development partnership" that forms the 8th Millennium Development Goal.
Organization of the Project
The bulk of the Project's work was carried out by 10 thematic Task Forces comprising a total of more than 250 experts from around the world including: researchers and scientists; policymakers; representatives of NGOs, UN agencies, the World Bank, IMF and the private sector. From 2002 through 2005, the Task Forces conducted extensive research within their fields of expertise to produce recommendations for meeting the Millennium Development Goals. The ongoing work of the Project was led by a secretariat housed at UNDP headquarters in New York.
As of Jan. 1, 2007, the Millennium Project's work was incorporated into the Bureau for Development Policy under the leadership of the United Nations Development Program, forming the MDG Support group, which works at the regional, national and global level to support the preparation and implementation of MDG-based national development strategies.
Please click here to download the “Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals” Report.